1. The Moss peat banks of Signy & Moe Islands, South Orkney Islands.
The peat is formed by two species of moss: Polytrichum strictum and Chorisodontium aciphyllum. It is underlain by permafrost at a depth of c.15-20 cm, and is up to two metres thick and 5,000 years old.
Pictures 1-15 show deep moss peat banks on level or gently sloping ground at the northwest end of Signy Island.
Pictures 15-20 taken on nearby Moe Island.
Pictures 21-26 illustrate a turf on a steep slope dominated by Polytrichum strictum below Observation Bluff on Signy Island.
Note that a metre rule is visible as a scale marker in some photographs.
All pictures were taken while James was working for the British Antarctic Suvey in the 1970s.